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Kenia

La inteligencia organizacional: la rica experiencia de las organizaciones de agricultores

Muchas organizaciones han encontrado formas innovadoras para superar las amenazas a la cohesión del grupo.

 

Los agricultores de pequeña escala están dispersos y, por lo tanto, generalmente necesitan engrosar sus productos para acceder a los mercados urbanos o la industria procesadora. Este engrosamiento tiene un fuerte componente logístico y necesidad de capital de trabajo (financiación comercial), y necesita modelos de organización y control de transacciones que sean eficientes en relación a los costos.Las experiencias colectivas de comercialización tienen recursos organizativos autoconstruidos que facilitan el proceso. Afinan sus modalidades de transacción con miembros o no miembros y con manejo interno regular, por ejemplo, en lo que tiene que ver con precios, pagos y requerimientos de cantidad o calidad. En procesos en los que se aprende haciendo, estas organizaciones han desarrollado reglas internas, condiciones contractuales y sistemas de control que han probado ser efectivos y viables en las condiciones prevalecientes del mercado. read more »

ESFIM-Kenia Documentos

KENFAP PRESENT MEMORANDUM ON FOOD SECURITY

Kenya’s food security status has continued to worsen from 24.3% in 1990 to 42% in 2001.By February 2011 an estimated 2.4 million persons, up from 1.6 million in August 2010, required food and non-food (Kenya Food Security Steering Group, February 2011). Kenya’s food policy since independence has been centered on improving domestic supply of basic foodstuffs, mainly grain crops. This goal of food self-sufficiency was largely attained in the early years of independence until the late seventies after which massive food shortages set in. Since then, the goal of food self-sufficiency and food security has not been attained despite significant policy pronouncements to reform the sector. Generally Kenya has been a low-income food deficit country a regular importer and occasional exporter of grain yet has the potential to be a regional grain basket if agricultural potential is well managed. The causes of food insecurity and the reasons the worsening food situation are many and varied, they include low agricultural productivity due to prolonged drought, inadequate access to productive assets (land and capital), inadequate access to appropriate technologies by farmers, effects of global trade and slow reform process. However, in the recent past other factors have come into play such as exporting maize into the neighboring countries disregarding the strategic reserve balances, misleading data to the general public and allowing the millers to distate the markets of the staple grains.

The farmers in Kenya are concerned about the issue of food security and that the situatio read more »